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May 16, 2013

Agriculture in India, an overview

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agriculture in India
India is the second largest producers of wheat and rice in the world and the contribution of the agriculture sector has been magnificent for many decades. Bu the pace of the agriculture growth has been unable to complete with the growth rate of the Indian economy.

Agriculture and allied sectors have been contributing around 16 per cent to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2009. India is a country of rural population and majority of the population do reside in villages, where the reach of the tertiary sector is limited or beyond their reach.

The poor infrastructure and irrigation facilities were some of the major concerns that Indian famers have been facing. Considering the job sector in India, agriculture still plays vital role in job creations. Youth in rural area have been engaged in the agriculture sectors and contributing a lot in the development of the nation in both social and economical.

The recent reports of farmers suicide were some the stains on the India system that should need the proper attention towards their problem. However, the agriculture credit waiving schemes were some of the major schemes that government has started in that direction.

Despite the hindrances, India becomes the second largest producer of several dry fruits, agriculture-based textile raw materials, roots and tuber crops, pulses, farmed fish, eggs, coconut, sugarcane and numerous vegetables in the world.

Comparing to the industrial growth index the agriculture sector has been performing well and it should be given chances to excel further. The Gramin Sadak Yojna and golden quadrilateral projects helped a lot to farmers and ultimately given some benefit to the agriculture sector.

The major aim was to connect the rural area to urban area has been successful, which was proved a milestone in the growth of agriculture sector in India. As per the macro economics terms, agriculture in India involves seasonal employment due the lack for proper irrigation facilities.

But the scenario has been changed in some areas, where farmers are getting benefit of double crops including Kharif crop. Earlier, they used to have single crop after the monsoon, the double crop has doubled the productivity.

Due the monsoon, the green revolution might not be witnessed in all the states of India leaving few, those have been good record of agriculture production.

In fiscal year ending June 2011, with a normal monsoon season, Indian agriculture accomplished an all-time record production of 85.9 million tons of wheat, a 6.4 percent increase from a year earlier. Rice output in India also hit a new record at 95.3 million tons, a 7% increase from the year earlier.


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