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Aug 15, 2012

The Independence Day of India

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By Jyoti Parida

The Independence Day 14th August 1947 is the glorious and most memorable day in Indian history. We can also say this day the day of freedom fighters because the blood they shed for this country became worthy on this day. This day should be a special day for every person who has taken birth on this land called India. This day is one of the three national holidays in India (the other two being the Republic Day on 26 January and Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday on 2 October) and is celebrated all over India and its union territories. This day is celebrated with flag-hoisting ceremonies, parades and cultural events. This is the day when India get freed from the British rule and become a sovereign nation.

On the morning of 15th August 1947, the First Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru unfurled the Indian flag with a speech on the ramparts of the historical site Red Fort in Delhi. This process is continuing till date. Twenty-one gun shots are fired in honor of the solemn occasion. In his speech, the Prime Minister highlights the achievements of his government during the past year, raises important issues and gives a call for further development. He pays tribute to the leaders of the freedom struggle. The Indian National anthem, Jana Gana Mana is sung. The speech is followed by march past by divisions of the Indian Army and paramilitary forces, and parades and pageants showcasing events from the struggle for Independence as well as cultural traditions of the country. Similar events takes place in state capitals where the Chief Ministers of individual states hoist the national flag, and parades and pageants takes place. In government and non-government institutions, schools and colleges conduct flag hoisting ceremonies and cultural programs. Major government buildings are being decorated with colorful lights. In some cities such as Delhi, Kite flying event is being organized on this day. On this day the sky of Delhi is filled with our national flags of different shapes and sizes. On this day the citizens of India express their patriotic feelings by using the national tri-color flag in different ways like- they use it on their attire, household accessories, vehicles, on wristbands, on coffee mugs and in many more innovative ways as they like.

The National flag or the tricolor flag or the Tiranga in Hindi are all same. The flag is based on the Swaraj flag, a flag of the Indian National Congress designed by Pingali Venkayya. The flag by law is to be made of Khadi, a special type of hand-spun cloth of cotton or silk made popular by Mahatma Gandhi. The right to manufacture the flag is held by the Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission, who allocate it to the regional groups. As of 2009 the Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha was the sole manufacture of the flag. The saffron color represents courage and sacrifice; white- truth and purity; green—peace and prosperity; and the Ashoka Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel in navy blue at its centre, represents the Laws of Dharma( righteousness). It is not just a piece of cloth but the combination of labor, sweat and blood of the freedom fighters. I think this tricolor speaks about the three stages that the freedom fighters crossed to bring freedom to our country India. First the courage they showed and the sacrifice they gave, second by maintaining the truth and righteousness from the beginning to the end and the third to bring the peace and prosperity to this country. It is the real honor of our country.

Now a days, as the entire scenario is changing like wise process of celebration is also changing and everybody is coming forward with families and friends to celebrate this important day. I think the souls of the great freedom fighters may feel happy by seeing all these and they may be satisfied for their achievements and sacrifices for this country. Oh! I wish I could be there and become a part in the great Marathon for freedom.


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